ГЛАВНАЯ » Олимпиады » Confusing words (CAE) Part 1

Confusing words (CAE) Part 1

Просматривая свои архивы я наткнулся на материалы, которые я создавал 4 года назад по просьбе одной из участниц республиканского этапа олимпиад. 4 года теория и упражнения пролежали в папке Confusing words (CAE). Данные материалы предназначены для учащихся с уровнем Advanced и поэтому материал представлен только на английском языке, без комментариев и перевода на русский. Материал будет представлен частями по 5 пар слов с комментариями и упражнениями для закрепления.

Список изучаемых пар слов

В этой публикации мы забираем разницу в значении таких пары слов как: channels ― canals, affect ― effect, human(ly) ― humane(ly), actual ― topical (present/current), complemented ― complimented. В предлагаемых упражнениях слова даны белым цветом и видны при выделении.

Разница между channels и canals

A canal is a long, narrow stretch of water that has been made for
boats to travel along or to bring water to a particular area. (Прим. Канал искусственного происхождения)
A channel is a television station. A channel is a passage along which water flows. (Прим. Канал или естественный или ТВ канал)
1.We’re going to have a day-trip across the Channel.
2.The Panama Canal provides a crucial shipping link between the
Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
3.Canals were dug to connect England’s industrial cities with
the sea.

Разница между affect и effect

Affect is a verb. To affect someone or something means to change or influence them in some way. (Прим. affect преимущественно используется как глагол)
Effect is usually used as a noun. An effect is a change or event which occurs because something else has happened. You can say that something has a particular effect on something else.(Прим. effect преимущественно используется как существительное)
1.Both buildings were badly affected by the fire.
2.As a political party they are trying to effect
a change in the way that we think about our environment.
3.The divorce affected every aspect of her life.
4.It’s a disease which affects mainly older people.
5.The radiation leak has had a disastrous effect on/upon
the environment.
6.Production was halted until repairs could be effected.
7.I tried taking tablets for the headache but they didn’t have any effect.
8.I think I’m suffering from the effects of too little sleep.

Разница между human(ly) и humane(ly)

Human means `relating to people’. (Прим. переводится как человеческий)
Humane means `showing kindness and sympathy, especially in preventing or reducing suffering’.(Прим. переводится как человечный, сочувствующий)
1.The human body is composed of about 60% water.
2.Their aim is for a more just and humane society.
3.Early human remains were found in the Dordogne region of France.
4.The humane way of dealing with a suffering animal is to kill it quickly.
5.Victory in the war was achieved at the cost of great human suffering.
6.In the mid-nineteenth century, Dorothea Dix began to campaign for humane treatment of the mentally ill.

Разница между actual и topical

Topical is used to describe something that concerns or relates to events that are happening at the present time. (относящийся к тому что происходит в настоящее время)
You use actual to emphasize that the place, object, or person you are talking about is the real or genuine one. (описывает настоящий в смысле не поддельный)
1.I am not at all happy in my current job.
2.The sinking of the tanker has made aspects of marine pollution particularly topical.
3.The word ‘thou’ (= you) is no longer in current use.
4.We had estimated about 300 visitors, but the actual number was much higher.
5.Have you seen the current issue of (= the most recently published) Vogue magazine?
6.The magazine’s aim is to discuss topical issues within a Christian framework…
7.The exams are in July, but the actual results don’t appear until September.
8.The discussion focused on topical issues in medicine.
9.The documentary was a misrepresentation of the truth and bore little resemblance to actual events.

Разница между complement и compliment

If one thing complements another, they increase each other’s good qualities when they are brought together. (переводится как дополняет)
If you compliment someone, you tell them that you admire something that they have or something that they have done. (переводится как восхищается и говорит приятные вещи)
1.Strawberries and cream complement each other perfectly.
2.She is to be complimented for handling the situation so well.
3.The music complements her voice perfectly.
4.He knew that he had just been paid a great compliment.
5.Crisp pastry complements the juicy fruit of an apple pie.
6.He complimented Morris on his new car.

Ответы даны белым шрифтом и видны при выделении пробела.
Предлагаемый материал по теме «Confusing words (CAE)» предназначен для организации занятий или самостоятельного изучения словоупотребления в английском языке на уровне advanced (C1), а также подготовки к сдаче экзамена CAE или его эквивалентов
С продолжением данной темы можно ознакомиться тут.

Август 17, 2014