Набор упражнений на словообразование в английском языке Часть 1 2

Продолжается публикация заданий на словообразование, которые уже не однократно успешно применялись для подготовки к ЦТ по английскому языку. В качестве теоретической основы была взята книга Grammar and Vocabulary for FCE (by Luke Prodromou).

Описание тематики упражнений на словообразование

Закрепляются на практике следующие способы словообразования:

  • глагол+er=существительное,обозначающее профессию (например: shop-shopper, teach-teacher, write-writer);
  • глагол+or=существительное,обозначающее профессию (например: act-actor, operate-operator, sail-sailor);
  • глагол+er=существительное, обозначающее устройства (например: cook-cooker, grate-grater);
  • глагол/существительное+ee=существительное, обозначающее вид деятельности (например: pay-payee, employ-employee);
  • глагол/существительное/прилагательное+ist=существительное, обозначающее вид деятельности или религиозные убеждения (например: Buddhist, anarchist, journalist, pianist);
  • прилагательные+ity/ness= абстрактное существительное (например: equal-equality, good-goodness);
  • существительное+hood/ship= абстрактное существительное (например: neighbour-neighbourhood, friend-friendship);
  • глагол+ance,ence/ment/(a)tion,(i)tion,sion= абстрактное существительное (например: admit-admittance, achieve-achievement, form-formation, oppose-opposition, omit-omission).

Упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ №1

Turner is a ***and critic. [write]
Lucy wants to study medicine but needs more ***. [qualify]
After seven years of *** , she still couldn’t tell when he was kidding. [friend]
The age difference was a *** to the relationship… [complicate]
They send a service *** to fix the disk drive. [engine]
His books are enormously easy to read, yet he is a serious ***… [art]
The telephone company is the country’s largest ***. [employ]
They were on the upper floor of the ***… [build]
She did a *** of me. [draw]
He is an *** of Fuji Bank… [employ]
The duke was surprised by his wife’s *** from the guest list. [omit]
Making some simple *** to your diet will make you feel fitter… [alter]
By 1990, it was clear that the *** of the armed forces was rapidly breaking down… [cohere]
This season I expect us to retain the *** and win the European Cup. [champion]
The fine was for the company’s *** of the air near its plants… [pollute]
Reaching this agreement so quickly was a great ***… [achieve]
Each student has a *** to advise on the writing of the dissertation. [supervise]
You have to be a very good *** to play that part. [act]

Упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ №2

People threw flowers into the river between the two countries as a symbolic act of ***… [brother]
I apologise if your ***of the movie was spoiled. [enjoy]
My ***, he’s earned millions in his career. [good]
The spinning wheel was a Chinese ***. [invent]
Everyone is in a state of great ***. [excite]
We needed to increase the volume of ***… [produce]
He was born and grew up in the Flatbush *** of Brooklyn… [neighbour]
He was apparently quite converted from his *** views. [anarchy]
The phase of writing that is actually most important is ***… [revise]
I suppose I was looking for an *** which was going to be an adventure.. [occupy]
They’re cutting funds for ***… [educate]
The main *** in the project is the French bank Credit National. [invest]
He regularly drove from his home to his place of *** . [employ]
He dialed the ***and put in a call for Rome. [operate]
The government is facing a new wave of *** in the form of a student strike… [oppose]
The society was looking for a capable research ***. [work]
My profession had an important influence in the *** of my character and temperament. [form]
We had not been able to gain *** to the flat. [admit]

Рассматриваемый материал по теме «Набор упражнений на словообразование » может быть использован для организации занятий или самостоятельного изучения словообразования в английском языке на уровне upper-intermediate (B2), а также подготовки к сдаче экзаменов ЕГЭ, FCE, ЦТ или их эквивалентов.

Продолжение публикации доступно по ссылке. Первую часть можно найти здесь.

Опубликовано: Июнь 28, 2015
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