Настоящие времена present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous глаголы состояния

В этой записи мы повторим и закрепим на практике времена present simple, present continuous, present perfect, present perfect continuous c использованием лексики из Destination B2. Мы не только изучим грамматические правила, но и повторим лексику из книги.

Основные правила использования present simple

Present simple употребляется, когда мы говорим о:
— привычных действиях
He goes away to Malta.
— повторяющихся действиях
I often make for the Middle East.
— постоянных ситуациях
They live in Italy.
— состояниях
Do you have your ticket?
— общеизвестных вещах
Warsaw, which is the capital of Poland, is my home town
Do и does используемые в утвердительных предложениях переводятся как действительно и усиливают сказанное.

Основные правила использования present continuous

Present continuous употребляется, когда мы говорим о:
— действиях, которые происходят сейчас
He is trying to catch up with other tourists.
— временных действиях
I am living in Brest this week.
— ситуации, которая развивается
More and more people are setting off to far away countries.
— действиях, которые нас раздражают
He is always changing the route.

Основные правила использования present perfect

Present perfect употребляется, когда мы говорим о:
— действии, которое случилось в прошлом, но все еще влияет на настоящее
You are late. Your plane has taken off.
— подводим некий итог действий в прошлом к настоящему
Calm down. I have arranged everything. There is no need to worry about it.

Основные правила использования present perfect continuous

Present perfect continuous употребляется, когда мы говорим о:
— действии, которое совершалось с прошлого до настоящего с указанием длительности его совершения
They have been living in this place for ten months.
— том, что нас расстраивает в прошлом
Who has been photographing me?

Основные глаголы состояния в английском языке

Ряд глаголов английского языка не используется в continuous.
Список основных глаголов состояния в английском языке: believe, imagine, know, mean, think, understand, be, exist, hate, like, love, need, prefer, satisfy, want, hear,smell, see, sound, taste, appear, look, seem, resemble, belong to, consist of, have, include, involve, own.

Упражнения на времена группы Present

Упражнение 1

1. I (hate) dealing with tourists. Most of them are impolite.
2. This room (have) a wonderful view over the village.
3. They always (take) trips to distant places. I find it annoying.
4. I never (be) to this area before.
5. Look out! That red car (try) to pull in.
6. Who (rearrange) my timetable?
7. I (know) Jim is head over heels with Mary at the moment.
8. More and more people (go) on holiday to Spain.
9. Hurry up! Our guests already (arrive).
10 He (dream) about such a holiday all his life.
11. I always (try) to get back to my home town.
12. She (wait) for me at the border now.
13. I (see) all the sights here. Let’s go straight ahead new ones.
14. I (guide) them for a whole week. I need some rest.

Ответы: [1.hate 2.has 3.are always taking 4. have never been 5.is trying 6. has been rearranging 7. know 8. are going 9. have arrived 10. has been dreaming 11.try 12. is waiting 13.have seen 14.have been guiding.]

Упражнение 2

1. I always (go in for) local competitions.
2. I never (knock out) such a strong opponent before.
3. She (beat) all her opponents on the tournament so far.
4. Be careful! He (try) to score.
5. She (dislike) talent contests. They are TV shows but not real competitions.
6. More and more children (take up) playing ice hockey. Skating rinks are always full.
7. I (train) out team for at least five years. I want to something else.
8. This fishing rod (not/belong) to me.
9. Hurry up. The game just (start).
10. He (train) for the final since October.
11. Who (use) my tennis racket? It’s broken.
12. They (wait) for me on a golf course at the moment.
13. This umpire always (make) wrong decisions. It’s irritating.
14. I (think) he will carry on playing football when he gets over his injuries.
[ 1.go in for 2. have never worked 3. has beaten 4. is trying 5. dislikes 6. are taking up 7. have been training 8. doesn’t belong 9. has just started 10. has been training 11. has been using 12. are waiting 13. is always making 14. think ]

Упражнение 3

1. A good essay (consist) of an introduction, a main part and a conclusion.
2. They (take) photos outside the laboratory. You may find them there.
3. Who (make) attempts at plugging in electric devices in the laboratory?
4. I still (need) some time to the conclusion.
5. She (mean) that artificial flowers are not a good idea.
6. They (try) to work it out for a whole year.
7. Hmm. It (give off) a rather strange smell.
8. She always (plan) what to do before starting an experiment.
9. We (not/discuss) the results of the experiment yet.
10. I want a break. I (explain) it to you all the morning.
11. More and more scientists (try) to come up with a solution to the issue.
12. They still (not/do) research on this problem.
13. You always (experiment) with dangerous things such explosives.
14.Oh, no. It (break down) again. We need a replacement.
[ 1. consists 2. are taking 3. has been making 4. need 5. means 6. have been trying 7. is giving off 8. plans 9. haven’t discussed 10. have been explaining 11. are trying 12. haven’t done 13. are experimenting 14. has broken ]

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Опубликовано: Февраль 18, 2016
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